Languages In India


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India is a vast country, with lot of cultural and geographical diversities. This has resulted in a number of different languages spoken across the country. Hindi has become the national language of India. Hindi is spoken in north and central India. However, there are many dialects in India and Hindi is more like a rubric for different dialects. All these languages originated from the great languages of the past, with most of them belonging to several major linguistic families, like Indo-Aryan, Dravidian languages, Austro-Asiatic languages and Tibeto-Burman linguistic languages. English language is the commonly used official language of India. It enjoys a special status and remains the additional official language of India. It is also the authoritative legislative and judicial language.

Apart from the more widely spoken English and Hindi, there are the various regional languages as well. In fact, each state of India has its own official language, apart from the numerous dialects. However, the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India lists 22 such regional languages only, giving them official status. In the south of India there is a greater diversity of languages and you will have difficulties getting along with Hindi. Languages differ even between the important industrial centers Bangalore, Madras and Hyderabad.

Major Languages Spoken In India

1 Assamese This language is spoken by the people of Assam.
2 Bengali This is the official language of West Bengal. It is also spoken by the people of some of the state of north-east India.
3 Bodo This language is spoken by the Bodo people of Assam.
4 Dogri This is spoken by the people of Jammu.
5 Gujarati Gujarati is the official language of Gujarat. It is the language thatis spreaded the most not only in India but also In all other countries.
6 Hindi It is the official language in India. however it is mostly spoken by the people of major cities and states of north India like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttaranchal, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan.
7 Kannada It is the language of state Karnataka. It is one of oldest language of India as it is an Dravidian language.
8 Kashmiri This is the language spoken in the kashmir region. But only 55% people of this region speak kashmiri.
9 Konkani It is spoken in the Konkan region that comes across Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka.
10 Maithili It is mostly spoken in the state Bihar.
11 Malayalam It is the official language of state Kerala. It is also belongs to the Dravidian family.
12 Manipuri As named it is the official language of state Manipur.
13 Marathi It is the official language of Maharashtra.
14 Nepali It is the official language of Nepal. It is also spoken by the peaople of some region of norh eastern part of India.
15 Odiya It is the official language of state Odisha. 80% people of this state speak odiya.
16 Punjabi It is the official language of the state Punjab. It is also spreaded in some other region of northern part of India.
17 Sanskrit It is the classical language of India and the oldest language in the world. It is the most pure langauge and all the Indian languages are formed from this language.
18 Santhali It is one of the tribal language that is used by Santal Tribes. They mainly found in the region of state Jharkhand, chattisgarh, Odisha, Bihar.
19 Sindhi It is used by a large number of people in region of comprising parts of India and pakistan.
20 Tamil It is the official language of state Tamil Nadu. It is spoken by 73 million people and belongs to Drabidian family
21 Telugu It is the official language of Andhra Pradesh and also one of the major language in India.
22 Urdu It is the state language of Jammu and Kashmir. It is commonly used by the people belong to Muslim religion. It is spoken by over 28 million people in India.

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