11th May 1998 – A date that will be never forgotten in Indian sub-continent. This is the day n which a proud history of India was written, “Shakti Operation or Pokhran-II” in Pokhran range of State Rajasthan.
Brief story of Pokhran-II nuclear test
On 11th May 1998, the Prime Minister of India– Atal Bihari Vajpayee reached to Seven Race cross Road, and on the that day a major explosion of Hydrogen Bomb conducted by our Scientists. Later, the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee showed up before the press corps and made a certain statements:
“Today, at 15:45 hours, India led three underground atomic tests in the Pokhran range. The tests conducted today were with a fission device, a low yield device, and a thermonuclear device. The deliberate yields are in accordance with expected qualities. Estimations have also confirmed that there was no release of radioactivity into the environment. These were contained blasts like the test conducted in May 1974. I warmly congratulate the scientists and engineers who have completed these effective tests.”
and later on thirteenth May 1998, more two Bomb experiment were conducted and total five atomic blasts were led and all were called successful test by the government and later by Scientist involved with those tests in Press conference and they have given an information of Energy of Nuclear Bomb in public.
USA, UK, China, France, Russia were five nations who had nuclear weapons and aside from them, No Countries can make an atom bomb, and still the Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee had conducted Nuclear test effectively and additionally declared India as Nuclear Weapon Country.
After fruitful conduction of five test, Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee gave three Statements in Lok sabha :
1) We will not initiate of used Nuclear Bomb against any country in war.
(No First Use Policy)
2) We will not use Nuclear Bomb against a country which has no nuclear bomb
3) We will stop doing experiments of Nuclear Bomb onward.
PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee had made an bold step and about that, only a couple of individuals like Advani, Defense Minister – George Fernandes, Pramod Mahajan, Jasvant Sinh, and Yashwant Sinha had information about the mission.
Prime Minister Atal Bihari had appointed Principal Secretary Brajesh Mishra to complete a work of coordination between researchers. PM’s Scientific Adviser Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam and Atomic Energy Commission’s Chief R. Chidambaram were the chief
co facilitator of the entire operation.
The operation was begun secretly beacuase USA’s satellite’s continuously monitoring Pokhran range so work must be done in nights because in the sand if the armed force accompanied other individuals. at that point it will specifically caught in Satellite. so it was the biggest challenge to “how we kept entire mission a secret”. To overcome this challenge they had used code words and changed uniform of the military so satellite won’t catch them.
They have done all works at nights and it was most troublesome activities in light of the fact that in the desert the Army leaders came up with a solution. whenever they moved sand they checked the wind and ensured that the mounds were aligned according to the direction it was blowing. They worked in every night and early morning before satellite could see anything, they covered the sand and line it as needs be.
Scientists related with operation shakti were never traveling to gather and they never directly reached Pokhran and they were always in army uniform, all scientists have thier code name and Dr. APJ Kalam was given a name of “MAJOR-GENERAL PRITHVIRAJ” and R chidambaram code name was “NATARAJ”.
Eventually, as on 11th May, 1998 – 3.45 PM , Nuclear test effectively led by scientists and Following the Pokhran-II tests, India turned into the 6th nation to join the atomic club. Shortly after the tests, a press meet was arranged at the Prime Minister’s residence in New Delhi. Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee showed up before the press corps and made the following short statement:
“Today, at 15:45 hours, India conducted three underground nuclear tests in the Pokhran range. The tests conducted today were with a fission device, a low yield device, and a thermonuclear device. The measured yields are in line with expected values. Measurements have also confirmed that there was no release of radioactivity into the atmosphere. These were contained explosions like the experiment conducted in May 1974. I warmly congratulate the scientists and engineers who have carried out these successful tests.”
May 11 was proclaimed National Technology Day by Prime Minister A B Vajpayee.