Maharashtra


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Maharashtra is a state on the Malabar Coast of southwestern India.Maharashtra is an enchantingly beautiful, emerald green sliver of land, flanked by the Western Ghats on one side, the Arabian Sea on the other, and strewn with rivers, lagoons, backwaters and rich vegetation in between. Drawing on some 5,000 years of Vedic culture, Ayurveda is the subcontinent's traditional science of "life, vitality, health, and longevity" or, to tap into a more contemporary catchphrase, "the science of well-being," and where better to experience it than Maharashtra, where the tradition originated. Maharashtra offers Nature on a platter the Sandy beaches of Kovalam, the blue Lagoons at Veli, the Hill stations of Ponmudi and Munnar, the backwaters of Quilon and Allepppey, the greenland plantations in the highranges, the wildlife, the high mountain peaks, picturesque valleys, the magnificent forts and intricately decorated temples - Whatever one can ask for. All of which offer you a unique experience.

Maharashtra State Basic Information

Capital Mumbai
Area 307,713 sq. km
Population 112,374,333
No. of District 36
Literacy Rate 82.34%
Chief Minister Yashwantrao Chavan
Governer Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao
Sex Ratio 925
Language Marathi, Hindi
Date of Formation 1 May 1960
State Animal Indian giant squirrel
State Bird Yellow-footed green pigeon
State Flower Jarul
State Tree Mangifera indica
Official Website www.maharashtra.gov.in

History

When we bring a look down history, we become acquainted with that the region where Maharashtra stands today has been hindered since the Paleolithic period. All the archeological confirmations uncovered till now, date the birthplace of the zone to something like third century BC. The name Maharashtra is accepted to be begun from rathi, which implies chariot driver. The name, Maharashtra initially showed up in a seventh century in the record of a contemporary Chinese voyager, Huan Tsang. As per the written history, the main Hindu King ruled the state amid sixth century, situated in Badami.

Shahaji's son, Shivaji, conceived at the Shivneri fortification on February 19, 1630, was the maker of the Maratha country. He joined the Maratha chiefs from Maval, Konkan and Desh regions and cut out a little kingdom by overcoming the outsider forces.

Sambhaji succeeded Shivaji, yet he wasn't as great as his father Shivaji. 1680 to 1707 is known as the time of flimsiness in the history of Maharashtra. Balaji Vishwanath (1712-1721), Bajirao Peshwa (1721-1740), Nanasaheb Peshwa (1740-1761), 'Thorale' Madhaorao Peshwa (1761-1772, Narayanrao Peshwa (1772-1773), 'Sawai' Madhaorao Peshwa (1774-1795) and 'Second' Bajirao Peshwa - 1795 to 1802 were the other critical leaders of Maharashtra.

Geography

Maharashtra is known for its incredible land highlights. Right off the bat, it is situated at the focal point of Peninsular Part of India and encompassed by the Arabian Sea too. One of the featuring highlights of this state is its level character which gets the consideration of many individuals. The state has tropical rainstorm atmosphere with occasional rains as overwhelming as more than 400 cm in a few locales. Warm summer begins from March onwards up to late October, while winters are gentle. Backwoods include 17% of the aggregate territory of the state.

To the extent the geography of Maharashtra goes, a great part of the state comprises of the high Deccan level, which is isolated from the straight Konkan coastline by 'Ghats'. The Ghats are a progression of soak slopes, intermittently separated by limit streets, and which are regularly delegated by medieval strongholds. Given their elevation, it isn't astonishing that the Ghats are home to the state's slope stations. One of the three noteworthy locales of the state is the Sahyadri go with a rise of 1000 meters.

Culture

Assorted variety easily falls into place in this third biggest state by territory and second most populated state in India. Maharashtra can likewise be known as the place where there is researchers, holy people and performing artists the same number of the general population from Maharashtra have prevailing in the fields specified previously. he culture and inheritance of the state is really reflected however it's various fortresses, castles, holes, altars and exhibition hall, also its society music and customary moves. The holy people and scholars who have graced this awesome land have additionally added to its chronicled legacy.

The mouth watering Konkan and Varadi cooking styles would execute any guest's craving. In spite of the fact that, Maharashtrian cuisines are somewhat strong in pepper and zest, yet it is the strength of the dishes that the world knows about. What's more, everyone knows about the incredible taste of the Mumbai chaats.

It is said that dance is a standout amongst other mediums through which one can express anything. So, what better approach to know about the way of life of the state than through exploring its different dance forms. The general population of Maharashtra commend a substantial number of fairs and festivals.

The craftsmen of Maharashtra are extremely exact and sensitive in their work. The weaving of quality fabrics, Mashroo and Himroo, produced using cotton and silk (popular in Aurangabad) are finest of its kind.

Education

The educational scenario in Maharashtra is far advanced than other states of India. The secret behind Maharashtra's prosperity is their uniquely devised education system, which keeps every primary and secondary school functional, even in the rural areas. Most of the changes and development in the field of education has occurred since independence. Today, Maharashtra has a literacy rate of 82.91% which is above the national average of the country.

Schooling system in Maharashtra is similar to other states of India. However, what makes it unique is the curriculum it follows. Apart from the the primary schools there are pre-primary institutions which include Anganvadis, Independent primary schools and other institutions attached to schools. Every primary school in Maharashtra is endowed with all the financial benefits that a state can provide. After completing the secondary education that involves 10 years of schooling, students usually enroll in higher secondary education in any one of the three disciplines - Science, Commerce and Humanities. Maharashtra step in to shape the foundation of knowledge in students. Maharashtra has a good educational infrastructure with 1 central university, 19 state universities, 21 deemed universities and more than 75000 primary schools and 19600 secondary schools. The state also boasts of more than 300 engineering/diploma colleges and 600 industrial training institutes. The state has some best and oldest universities like the University of Mumbai established in 1857, University of Pune established in 1949 and the University of Nagpur established in 1923.

Economy

Maharashtra economy has bettered its growth rate nominally, but at the cost of having its government fiscals debt-squeezed. Economy of this state is experiencing a slow recovery from a long slump. In the 1970s and 80's the economy was relatively stagnant, where as in nineties, the state economy experience a significant growth rate (5.99%) with enhanced performance of secondary and territory sectors. At current prices, Maharashtra's Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) was about US$ 89.44 billion in 2015-16. The state's GSDP recorded at a CAGR of 11.65 per cent between 2004-05 and 2015-16. The state's per capita GSDP was US$ 2,677 during 2015-16 compared with US$ 810 during 2004-05. As of June 2016, Maharashtra had a total installed power generation capacity of 4,097.8 megawatt (MW). During 2011-12, the contribution from primary, secondary and tertiary sectors to the GSDP at constant prices (2004-05) was 9.48 per cent, 20.22 per cent and 70.30 per cent respectively. At current prices, the primary, secondary and tertiary sectors contributed 15.11 per cent, 21.05 per cent and 63.22 per cent respectively to the GSDP during 2011-12 This difference in sectoral share between constant and current prices shows that inflationary trends in the primary sectors are much higher than in the secondary and tertiary sector.

Governance

Maharashtra comprises of 36 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Maharashtra is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Maharashtra Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 288 members. Maharashtra has 48 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 19 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Maharashtra Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Maharashtra is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Maharashtra High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Maharashtra. High Court of Maharashtra was established at Mumbai on August 14, 1862.

Tourism

Maharashtra is that the majestic land of caves, shrines, hill stations, sanctuaries, beaches, forts, etc. The destinations like Mumbai, Aurangabad, Lonavala, Nagpur, Nasik, Ajanta, etc., ar extremely popular as a result of numerous and colourful cultures, and numerous archeological sites of historic importance. As presently as you permit the apparently endless concrete housing comes, industrial works and swamplands of Mumbai, you enter a special world with a special history. beyond any doubt, Maharashtra’s greatest treasures ar its extraordinary cave temples and monasteries; the best of all ar found close to Aurangabad, renamed once the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and residential to the Bibi-ka-Maqbara, dedicated to his adult female. Westwards, the romantic Konkan Coast, fringing the Arabian Sea, is lined with spectacular, crumbling forts and sandy beaches; a number of the most effective ar around pretty Malvan resort, that is quick changing into one among India’s premier diving centres.

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