Tamil Nadu

Home >> States >> Tamil Nadu

Tamil Nadu is arranged on the south eastern side of the Indian Peninsula. The entrancing territory of Tamil Nadu is the home of the Tamils. Tamil Nadu was established by the Dravidians more than 5000 years back. Tamil Nadu covers a range of 1,30,058 square kms and has a populace of 4,84,08,077. The territory of Tamil Nadu is additionally the home of the absolute most antiquated engineering wonders and figures on the planet. Tamil Nadu is a land saturated with convention, where an antiquated culture and legacy of around 5000 years of age is as yet significant in the cutting edge age. The capital of Tamil Nadu is Chennai, some time ago known as Madras. In this city, you can in any case observe the looks of conventional lifestyle. The general population of Tamil Nadu communicate in Tamil. Tamil is the official dialect of Tamil Nadu, and furthermore one of the most seasoned and most created traditional dialect of the Indian sub-mainland. Tamil has incredibly impacted the other three noteworthy South Indian dialects like Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. The principle fascination of Tamil Nadu are the sanctuary urban communities like Rameshwaram, Thiruchirapalli, Chidambaram, Madurai, Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram, which fancy their tall, cut sanctuary towers or Gopurams

Tamil Nadu State Basic Information

Capital Chennai
Area 130,060 sq. km
Population 72,147,030
No. of District 32
Literacy Rate 80.33%
Chief Minister Edappadi Palaniswami
Governer Banwarilal Purohit
Sex Ratio 996
Language Tamil and English
Date of Formation 1773
State Animal Nilgiri tahr
State Bird Common emerald dove
State Flower Gloriosa superba
State Tree Asian palmyra palm
Official Website www.tn.gov.in


Tamil Nadu has an exceptionally antiquated history that goes back to somewhere in the range of 6000 years and the root of its kin is firmly attached to the open deliberations of the Aryan attack hypothesis. The individuals who maintain this hypothesis support the view that the Tamils have a place with the Dravidian race and were a piece of the early Indus Valley pioneers. Later with the appearance of the Aryans, the Dravidians were pushed once again into the profound south where they at last settled. The present day conditions of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh constitute the Dravidian culture. Whatever be the chronicled truth, the character of the Tamils has to a great extent been fashioned on this ground. Madurai Meenakshi Temple The Dravida Nadu of which present day Tamil Nadu framed a section was constituted by different kingdoms, for example, that of the Pallava, the Chera, the Chola, the Pandya, the Chalukya and the Vijayanagara.

The historical backdrop of Pandyan kingdom dates as right on time as sixth Century B.C. Madurai was established by the primary Pandyan lord Kulasekara.The Pandyas exceeded expectations in exchange and learning. They controlled the present locale of Madurai and Tirunelveli and part of South Kerala. The Pandyas had exchanging contacts with Greece and Rome and were capable in their own right, however they were oppressed amid different periods by the Pallavas and Cholas.


Tamil Nadu is one of the biggest states in India. It is situated in the southern most piece of the Indian territory. It has a long coastline and the Eastern Ghats (mountain run) run parallel to the same. The beach front fields run north to South. Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh encompass Tamil Nadu on the North while Kerala misleads the West. The waters of the Bay of Bengal and the Indian Ocean encompass the waterfront eastern and southern limits of the state. The northern extraordinary of Tamil Nadu is Pulicat Lake while the southernmost tip is Cape Comorin or Kanyakumari.

The Eastern and Western Ghats meet in Tamil Nadu and keep running along the state's eastern and western outskirts. Slope stations like Udhagamandalam (Ooty), Kodaikanal, Kothagiri and Yercaud are arranged in this bumpy area. It is intriguing to take note of that there are just two noteworthy holes (Palakkad hole and Shencottah hole) into the long chain of slopes that outskirt western Tamil Nadu. In a checked complexity to the low rough slopes of the Eastern Ghats, the slopes of the Western Ghats have thick timberlands. This area gets ample precipitation and the grand valleys here are spotted with tea, zest and espresso manors. The upper ranges of Eastern Ghats are popular for their organic product plantations, banana and espresso ranches.


Tamilnadu has an incredible custom of legacy and culture that created more than 2,000 years prior and still keeps on thriving. This incredible social legacy of the territory of Tamilnadu developed through the decide of lines that managed the state amid different periods of history. A large number of the decision traditions offered support to workmanship and culture that came about into the advancement and development of an interesting Dravidian culture that Tamilnadu today symbolizes with.

Under the run of the Pallavas, Cholas and the Pandya rulers, there were huge development and improvement in the field of craftsmanship, design and writing, which achieved awesome statures. The historical backdrop of Tamil dialect can be followed back to the age of the Tolkapiyam, the Tamil Grammar content, attributed to around 500 B.C. So also, the Sangam writing goes back to 500 B.C.


A proficiency rate of 80% and 100% enlistment proportion in primary schools, the primary education has given its full expected advantage to children of the state. In any case, with the commercialisation of higher education chiefly in colleges offering echnical and medical courses, the quality of students being created every year have gone under inquiry.

There are 550 engineering colleges in the state subsidiary to Anna University delivering more than 2 lakh engineering graduates every year, a large portion of them thinking that its intense to compete in the job market.

Above all the more disturbing is that in spite of almost 80,000 seats going empty in engineering colleges, the governing bodies like AICTE (All Institute of Technical Institution) and Anna University give permission to begin new colleges in the regions bringing about the boosting of supply side – more than double the current requirement of industry.

Private studies in terms of professional career chambers have brought up the low employability skills of students passing out of engineering colleges in TN. Numerous corporate have encouraged the state government to streamline the procedure of admission and education of engineering students tuned in to the business needs in order to keep away from the formation of students with low employability potential.


Tamil Nadu is the fourth biggest territory of India. Situated in the southernmost piece of the nation, Tamil Nadu is encompassed by Andhra Pradesh from the north, Karnataka and Kerala from the west, Indian Ocean from the south, and Bay of Bengal from the east.

Net state residential item (GSDP) of Tamil Nadu developed at a compound yearly development rate (CAGR) of 12.31 for every penny between 2004-05 and 2015-16, achieving US$ 175.33 billion out of 2015-16. Per capita GSDP of the state was US$ 2,430.5 (at current costs) in 2015-16.

Tamil Nadu has an enhanced assembling segment and highlights among the pioneers in a few ventures like vehicles and auto segments, building, pharmaceuticals, pieces of clothing, material items, cowhide items, chemicals, plastics, and so forth. It positions first among the states as far as number of production lines and mechanical specialists.


Tamil Nadu comprises of 32 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in Tamil Nadu is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 235‎ members. Tamil Nadu has 38 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 18 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The Tamil Nadu Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in Tamil Nadu is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and Tamil Nadu High Court is the head of the judiciary system in Tamil Nadu. High Court of Tamil Nadu was established at Chennai on 1862.


The state of Tamil Nadu lies along the coasts of the Bay of Bengal. Once the cradle of a rich ancient civilization, the state today paves successfully the way to progress.

The glorious history of the land spans vividly over more than 2000 years which has witnessed the rise and fall of many dynasties, namely: Cheras, Cholas, Pallavas and Pandyan. Each period has enriched the land with their customs and creations and left a rich legacy on the culture and heritage of the state.

Tamil Nadu has of late started drawing attention of the global tourists. Travel to Tamil Nadu to see how a rich ancient past continues to shape a dynamic present.

Lots of people travel to Tamil Nadu to see the crumbling old temples where myths and legends come live in etched stones. Travel to Tamil Nadu to see how master craftsmen chiseled created sheer music out of solid rocks in Mahabalipuram and Kanchipuram.