West Bengal

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West Bengal, the place where there is 24 Parganas is limited in the north by Sikkim and Bhutan, in the east by Assam and Bagladesh, in the south by the Bay of Bengal and in the west by Orissa, Bihar and Nepal. Bengal is the anglicized type of Banga, the old name of one a player in the state. The other part was known as Gauda. West Bengal geologically comprises of two sections: the northern locale of Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Cooch Behar and whatever is left of the state. West Bengal covers a zone of 88752 square km. Kolkata, previously known as Calcutta is the capital of West Bengal. West Bengal is the fifth biggest state in India. Bengali and a few other minor and tribal dialects, for example, Santali are talked in West Bengal. All the significant dialects of India are talked in Kolkata.

West Bengal State Basic Information

Capital Kolkata
Area 88,752 sq. km
Population 91, 347, 736
No. of District 23
Literacy Rate 77.08%
Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee
Governer Keshari Nath Tripathi
Sex Ratio 943
Language English and Bengali
Date of Formation 1 November 1956
State Animal Fishing cat
State Bird White-throated kingfisher
State Flower Nyctanthes arbor-tristis
State Tree Alstonia scholaris
Official Website www.wb.gov.in


West Bengal, arranged in Eastern India, is one of the real states in the nation. When we discuss the historical backdrop of Bengal, we can't consider West Bengal in confinement. It will contain root of Bengal all in all, including West Bengal and East Bengal (now Bangladesh). Bengal domain has been a critical area since antiquated circumstances. The main specify of this area can be found in the colossal epic of Mahabharata. Because of its vital area by the ocean, distinctive orders of individuals came and built up here, incorporating Aryans in the post-Vedic period. In this manner, today, it shows a productive blend of five unmistakable racial strains.

Distinctive lines, appropriate from the Palas to the Guptas and the Sena, have governed over the region of Bengal. From that point, it was the season of the Muslim rule, which started with Qutub-ud-in Aibak and finished simply after the Battle of Plassey. At that point, came the British. The 200-year long tryst of Bengal with British left some inseparable impacts on the way of life of the state. In the wake of picking up freedom in 1947, India held West Bengal, while East Bengal turned into a piece of the Pakistani region. Today, East Bengal has shaped itself into an autonomous state, called Bangladesh, and West Bengal is a piece of the Republic of India.


The Geography of West Bengal is fluctuated. The province of West Bengal is arranged in the eastern piece of India. On the east lies Bangladesh. Sikkim and Bhutan lie on the north of West Bengal. The province of Assam is arranged on the north east of West Bengal. Bihar and Jharkhand is arranged on the western side of the state. The geological area of the state is 23 degree North scope and 88 degree East longitude.

The aggregate area of West Bengal is 88,752 sq km. As indicated by the enumeration of 2001, the state has a population of 8,02,21,171. The population dencity of West Bengal per square kilometer is 904. Out of the aggregate population of the express, the ratio amongst males and females is 934. The number of inhabitants in West Bengal is prevailed by the Bengali popultion. But, movement from various conditions of India has improved the population decent variety of West Bengal.

The topography of the state likewise changes from district to locale. The northern piece of West Bengal touches the Himalayan range. The topographyof West Bengal changes as the Indo-Gangetic plain starts. The Gangetic plain is rich in alluvial soil and accordingly is extremely fruitful. This sort of soil is appropriate for farming. Facilitate south, the deltaic plain or the Sunderban locale is a critical spot for tourism in West Bengal.


The general population of West Bengal are all the more prominently known as Bengali's and they talk the Bangla or the Bengali dialect which has a place with the Indo-Aryan gathering of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European dialect family. The general population living in this north-eastern piece of the nation have close likeness to that of those in the nation Bangladesh. There were distinctive gatherings of individuals having a place with different groups who came into this state in this way bringing about the assorted starting point of the general population of the state. However there are records which expresses that the most punctual inhabitants are said to have originated from Veda in Sri Lanka and they were soon converged by the Indo-European dialect speaking Mediterranean individuals.

Towards the end of the 8th century there were individuals going into West Bengal who had their genealogy from different gatherings like the Arabs, Turkish and Persians.The combine of these individuals put is currently known as the Bengalis. The greater part of the Bengalis take after the religion of Hinduism. Amid the mid 21st century a large portion of the Bengali populace were country and farming was their fundamental occupation dealt with by the men in the family and the ladies were responsible for local works. Be that as it may, however men and ladies have updated themselves significantly more. The Bengalis have a preferring towards customary traditional music and move shapes.


Kolkata has assumed a spearheading part in the improvement of the modern education system in India. Western models of education came to India through Kolkata. A significant number of the principal schools and universities were set up by the preachers and reformists. Sir William Jones (philologist) set up the Asiatic Society in 1784 for promoting oriental studies. Individuals like Ram Mohan Roy, David Hare, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, Shashi Bhusan Chatterjee, and William Carey assumed a main part in the setting up of current schools and colleges in the city. The Fort William College was set up in 1800. The Hindu College was set up in 1817. In 1855 the Hindu College, Calcutta was renamed as the Presidency College.

William Carey built up the Serampore College in Serampore City (30 km from Calcutta), 1818. It went ahead to wind up noticeably India's first current college in 1827 when it was joined by a Royal Charter as a Danish University. Despite the fact that it had the contract, it was not actually a college in the advanced feeling of that term.The Sanskrit College was set up in 1824. Reverend Alexander Duff of the Church of Scotland built up the General Assembly's Institution in 1830 and later the Free Church Institution in 1844, which were later converged to shape what is currently known as the Scottish Church College, Calcutta. These organizations assumed a critical part in what came to be known as the Young Bengal Movement and the Bengal Renaissance. La Martiniere Calcutta was set up in 1836. John Bethune built up a school for Indian young ladies in 1850 when ladies' training was disliked in the general public. The Bethune College for young ladies was set up by him in 1879.


West Bengal is India's 6th biggest economy, and recorded a gross state local item (GSDP) of US$ 140.56 billion out of 2015-16. The state's GSDP extended at a compound yearly development rate (CAGR) of 10.57 for every penny from 2004-05 to 2015-16. Horticulture is the main occupation in the state and contributed 18.8 for each penny to the GSDP in 2014-15. West Bengal is the biggest maker of rice in India. Rice creation for the state totalled 16.1 million tons in FY 2015-16. West Bengal is additionally the biggest fish creating state in India. Amid 2015-16, the state created an aggregate of 1.63 million tons of fish in examination with a deliver of 1.61 million tons amid 2014-15. As of June 2016, West Bengal had an aggregate introduced control age limit of 9,988.4 megawatt (MW).

West Bengal is the second biggest tea-delivering state in India. Amid 2014-15, it delivered 329.3 million kg of tea, representing 27.8 for every penny of India's aggregate tea creation and is home to the universally acclaimed Darjeeling tea assortment. Add up to tea generation in West Bengal from April-September 2015 remained at 211.1 million kilograms. Kolkata is the prime place for India's jute industry. The state stands first in the nation as far as jute generation. In 2015-16, the state created around 2.38 million tons of sugarcane and 3.1 million tons of organic products. West Bengal is likewise a main exporter of calfskin and has around 666 assembling units delivering cowhide and cowhide merchandise. Around 22-25 for every penny of India's tanning action is attempted in Kolkata.


West Bengal comprises of 23 administrative districts, which are further divided into sub-divisions. The government and administration in West Bengal is controlled on the same paths as in other states of the country. The West Bengal Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). The Vidhan Sabha consists of 250 members. West Bengal has 42 seats in the Lok Sabha - the lower house of Parliament and 16 seats in Rajya Sabha - the upper house of Parliament. The West Bengal Assembly is elected by universal adult suffrage for a period of five years. The Chief Minister is the head of government and is vested with most of the executive powers. The Chief Minister is assisted by a Council of Ministers that he nominates, the size of which is restricted.

Judiciary in West Bengal is headed by Chief Justice as in other states of the country and West Bengal High Court is the head of the judiciary system in West Bengal. High Court of West Bengal was established at Kolkata on 2 July 1862.


One of a kind among Indian states in extending the distance from the Himalayas to the ocean, West Bengal is regardless investigated inside and out by couple of outside explorers. That may have a comment with the misrepresented notoriety of its capital, Kolkata (Calcutta), an enchanting, complex and well disposed city that gives a false representation of its prevalent picture as destitution stricken and disordered. Whatever remains of Bengal holds an exceptional arrangement of scenes and societies, going from the sensational slope station of Darjeeling, inside sight of the most elevated mountains on the planet, to the immense mangrove bogs of the Sundarbans, slinked by man-eating Royal Bengal tigers. The thin focal band of the state is cut crosswise over by the gigantic River Ganges as it empties from Bihar into Bangladesh and here the Farakka Barrage controls the development of south-streaming channels, for example, the River Hooghly, the life saver of Kolkata.

At the stature of British administer, in the nineteenth and mid twentieth hundreds of years, Bengal prospered both socially and physically, supporting a particularly imaginative mix of West and East. The Bengali Renaissance created scholars, journalists and craftsmen, for example, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee and Rabindranath Tagore, whose aggregate impact still saturates Bengali society over a century later.